Working practices and patient outcome in the intensive care unit of the University of Benin Teaching Hospital
The working practices and outcome of patients admitted into the intensive care unit (ICU) of the University of Benin Teaching Hospital (UBTH), a tertiary institution, was examined. The conditions under which these were carried out were reviewed over a 15year period (January 1985 to December 1999). We found that the admission rate was 53.3% with post-surgical patients in the majority (50.4%). One hundred and thirteen patients needed respiratory support and were ventilated (14.1%). The incidence of traccheostomy was 6.4, while the mean length of stay in the ICU was 7.1 days. Outcome of patients admitted into the unit included a mortality rate of 35.1%, 50% direct transfers to the ICU were found in the study. In addition, unnecessary long stay of patients in the ICU made their management not to be cost-effective.